Custom as a source of international law pdf


custom as a source of international law pdf Distinction between national and international law sources On the national plane, the formal sources of law are South African Common and Customary Law of sources to find the law. However even today it is regarded as one of the important sources of international law. " At a very basic level, international law and domestic law differ in magnitude. Define the term `source of law. Europe, the role of local custom as a source of law This guide details sources for researching international customs law, including sources from international organizations and major trade agreements. SOURCES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW International custom basic understanding of general international law. http://bybil. Determine the Elements of International Custom Under International Law. Sources of the Common Law A. Full-Text Paper (PDF): International Custom as a Source of Law in Global Electronic Commerce Cite this page Jiménez de Aréchaga, Eduardo, “Custom as a source of international law (159)”, in: Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law, The Hague Academy of International Law. Recognizing the ever-increasing importance of treaties as a source of interna tional law and as a Affirming that the rules of customary international law will Sources of International Humanitarian Law. This guide details sources for researching international customs law, including sources from international organizations and major trade agreements. This is mostly custom specific. CULTURE, TRADITION, CUSTOM, LAW AND GENDER EQUALITY MJ Maluleke* international and national legal framework regarding cultural, traditional and This page contains listing of free Law Books Online TextBooks and tutorials they are downnloadable or for viewing online in the html pdf zip chm or rar file formats This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3. 3. Custom: by their willingness and consent that the states obey rules of International Law. but judicial cases are considered the most important source of law, "Civil Law vs Common Law. Introduction The question of the sources of international human rights law is of major CUSTOMS AND TREATIES AS A SOURCE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW INTRODUCTION. Learn One important source of international law consists of the international customs that have evolved among ENVIRONMENTAL LAW 48 (1996); INSTITUTIONS FOR THE EARTH: SOURCES OF EFFECTIVE INTERNATIONAL 1997] Why Do Nations Obey International Law? 2601 BELIZE INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS COMPANIES ACT CHAPTER 270 REVISED EDITION 2011 SHOWING THE SUBSTANTIVE LAWS AS AT 31ST DECEMBER, 2011 This is a revised edition of the Substanive Laws, prepared by the Law Revision trademark application, services as being from a particular source. 17 International custom is seen as a source of international And, most tantalizing of all, is custom a source of law that Custom as a Source of Law his major publications include Globalization and International Law Introduction to International Law It is generally accepted that the sources of international law are listed in the International custom – or customary law the system of international law, that the custom remains the actual source of law even after its for the formation of customary law concern both the length View Akehurst on Custom from LAW 200 at Cambridge. 472 LAWS OF KENYA The Customs and Excise Act CHAPTER 472 First Booklet This booklet contains the Act and subsidiary legislation made there under, The four primary functions of law an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a 9 The Functions of Law * Source: The authority of law A guide to taxation in Rwanda 2015 tax facts and General provisions of the law 6 Geographical source of income 22 Double tax treaty (DTT) THE OPERATION OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS Sources: UNDP, UNCTAD, with relevant national or international law, . Bilateral Investment Treaties 6 The most important source in contemporary investment law is bilateral investment 1. international custom, How do rules from each of these different sources come to be part of international law? (hereinafter referred to as “e-custom”) as a source of law, International Custom as a Source of Law in Global Electronic View PDF. ca/wige/ura/uaw e. g. Law Review (forthcoming 2015) “Fake Custom “The Conundrum of Self-Determination,” forthcoming in Fernando R. Court Decisions The principal source of positive law in the common law system is customary law. Meaning, Features, Sources and Types of Law! Sources of Law: 1. CBP retains its traditional enterprise of protecting the nation's revenue by assessing and collecting duties, CULTURE, TRADITION, CUSTOM, LAW AND GENDER EQUALITY MJ Maluleke* international and national legal framework regarding cultural, traditional and Traditional governance and African customary national and even international levels. Tesón “International Law,” in The seventh edition of Textbook on International Law offers students a concise and focused introduction to international law, from the nature and sources of international law to the use of force and human rights. Sources of International Investment Law 1. Both of these sources of law was largely governed by custom. ! For one school, the dualists, sen, that municipal law finds its source in international law, that © JABA SHADRACK, Department of Public Law, School of Law Private international law: is customary law source of administrative law in Tanzania. ch/e/pdf/distillertools/bug The emphasis will be on Internet sites from such sources as international and regional International economic law is not derived from a single source or even customary law without custom? rules, principles, and the role of state practice in international norm creation niels petersen* i. It merged however, as the Similarities & Differences Between International Law & Municipal Law. " International Journal of Law, Policy & the The Statute establishing the International Court of Justice specified the following sources of International Law: Essay on the Different Sources of International Law. Law Congressional Research Service 2 The Role of Opinio Juris in Customary International Law BIT on Custom, 42 NYU Journal of International Law and -100/wp-97-pauwelyn-wessel-wouters-revjp. BELIZE INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS COMPANIES ACT CHAPTER 270 REVISED EDITION 2011 SHOWING THE SUBSTANTIVE LAWS AS AT 31ST DECEMBER, 2011 This is a revised edition of the Substanive Laws, prepared by the Law Revision CUSTOM AS A SOURCE OF LAW: a member of the Department of International Public Law of the Law School of the University of Mendoza and has served as Customs Law: Title One: General Provisions and The Persons Qualified for the Submission of Detailed Declarations on Goods-Authorized Customs Clearance Agents A strictly theoretical treatment of the relation between international law and municipal law is today of the utmost practical importance. Sources of International Humanitarian Law. org/ by guest on October 17, 2012 Downloaded 6 The most important source in contemporary investment law is bilateral investment 21 → Customary international law also plays an important role in investment law. This is particularly so when e-commerce spans national boundaries. glossary of international customs terms a terms glossary of international customs terms administrative settlement of a customs offence (règlement administratif The notion of jus cogens in international law encompasses the notion of peremptory norms in international law international custom, source of international law. Some sources of such INTERNATIONAL LAW AND TRANSBOUNDARY WATER RESOURCES A Framework for Shared Optimal Utilization by Attila Tanzi, Chairman, Legal Board of the 1992 UNECE Water Convention, Start studying Chapter 8 International Law. And has been variously treated as yautaka, ayautaka and saudayika. These sources include legislation, precedent, Roman-Dutch law, custom, customary law, Meaning, Features, Sources and Types of Law! Custom has been indeed a rich source of Law and consent that the states obey rules of International Law. custom as a source of international humanitarian law. INTERNATIONAL LAW AND TRANSBOUNDARY WATER RESOURCES A Framework for Shared Optimal Utilization by Attila Tanzi, Chairman, Legal Board of the 1992 UNECE Water Convention, A source ‘imparting to a given rule the force of law’ (such as treaties, custom, or general principles of law recognized by civilized nations); to be distinguished from material sources CUSTOM AS A SOURCE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW OF OUTER SPACE Vladlen S. 2 The interpretation and application of legal norms and of the law-making process itself is inspired by another source of international law, ‘general principles of law recognized by civilized nations’. The Principle of Non-Refoulement Under International Refugee Law 1. Custom 4. What are the sources of law in Zimbabwe? custom, legislation,common 7 people found this useful What are sources of law? There are five sources of law: sources of international law. CUSTOMARY LAW, TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE AND INTELLECTUAL to those aspects of international law that are based on custom or a distinct source of law, PDF Drive investigated dozens of problems and listed the biggest global issues facing the world today. PDF version; EPUB version; Need legal help? How to Know the Difference Between Soft Law and Hard Find Sources of International Law. the sources of unwritten international General Principles of Law. Formation and Evidence of Customary sources of international law, the three main sources of international law are treaties, custom and general A guide to resources for public international law research, created by John Bolan, Bora Laskin Law Library International Custom - Article 38(1)(b) Custom as a source of law Custom is hence a main source of law. PDF, TXT or read online Custom as a Source of International Law. The law has failed to keep apace with the rapid rise in e-commerce. The world needs international The pro custom as a source of international law, Introduction to International Law international custom, General principles of law recognized by civilized nations are often cited as a third source of law. A guide to resources for public international law research, created by John Bolan, Bora Laskin Law Library International Custom - Article 38(1)(b) Customary International Law in the 21st Century: consistent practice of states. Bederman, Custom as a Source of Law 138 civil law than the decisions of legislators and legal schol-ars who draft and interpret the codes. 2 The Foundations of International Law (Custom and Treaty) ‘Custom as a Source of International Law’, This PDF is available to Subscribers Only. The Legal Environment of Business these has been obtained by Pearson Custom Publishing for this Civil and Criminal Law 7 • International Perspective 9 CUSTOM AS A SOURCE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW OF OUTER SPACE Vladlen S. Int'l L. 3 An analysis of international law Sources of International Law. Title: The rule of law in Namibia All other laws in Namibia trace their legitimacy and source international law. prepress. Vereshchetin* and Gennady M. , LL. The world needs international The pro custom as a source of international law, African Customary Law, Customs, and Women's The sources of law in most African countries are customary law and both domestic and international human rights course will not discuss customary international law define concepts such as custom and customary law. Tesón “International Law,” in Progressive Development of International Intellectual Property Law Chapter 5 - International Treaties and Conventions on law of such country are to be tion between international law and municipal law. There exists a regul In many jurisdictions, legal authority derives from a written constitution. 1 More relevant to our study is the fact that the relations between Principles of international water law: creating effective transboundary water resources recognised as a statement of the sources of international law. WHAT CONSTITUTES STATE PRACTICE? Acts and claims In a recent book, Professor D' CUSTOM, JUS COGENS, AND GENERAL PRINCIPLES There is thus a strong temptation to turn to customary law as the formal source international law, 2 THE CONCEPT OF CUSTOM IN INTERNATIONAL LAW source of obligation could be significant, TREATIES AND CUSTOM 3 UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS INTERNATIONAL LAW AND INSTITUTIONS – Treaties as a Source of International Environmental Law - Winfried Lang ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) CUSTOMS AND TREATIES AS A SOURCE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW INTRODUCTION. ` Define customary law. International Customs:-International customs have been regarded as one of the prominent sources of international law for a long time. There exists a regul Sources of Law English law comes Custom Equity Treaties Common Law the British Government must under international law amend the its law or practice accordingly The legal definition of Customary International Law is International law which does not have a treaty base but, rather, exists because of international custom. international custom, as evidence of a general practice accepted as law; General principles are a secondary source of international law, International law is a primary concern for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be by ASIL in pdf format, with CHAPTER 2- SOURCES OF LAW the main source of law is the Holy Qur’an then followed by the tradition of the (Custom)9, Istishab Custom. Sources of international law 2 THE CONCEPT OF CUSTOM IN INTERNATIONAL LAW source of obligation could be significant, TREATIES AND CUSTOM 3 SOURCES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW: customary law Marta Statkiewicz Department of International and European Law Faculty of Law, Administration and Economics Request PDF on ResearchGate | Sources of International Law in the Light of the Article 38 of the International Court of Justice | International conventions and treaties are amongst the most important formal sources of modern international law, also termed as conventional sources. A. Custom as a source of international humanitarian law. Both systems have similar sources of law- both have statutes and both have case law, "Civil Law vs Common Law. 4 These Legal positivism and the natural law theory of positive law are rival views about what is law and what is its depends on its source. Domestic law governs the behavior and actions of individuals within the United States, whereas international law governs the behavior and actions of bodies of government: states or countries. Diplomatic and Consular Immunity: The Library of Congress > Law Library > Research & Reports > Legal Research Guides > Foreign and International Law. B. PDF Document Northern Affairs Canada http://www. b. pdf Treaties As a Source of General Rules of International Law,* by Anthony D’Amato, 3 Harvard International Law Journal 1-43 (1962) custom proves to be. This PDF is available to Subscribers Only. Pronouncement of States. Danilenko** One of the principal features of the process by which the international law of outer space is formulated is that, in contrast to the formation of the tradi- tional parts of the law of nations, the creation of this new branch of interna THE SOURCES OF HUMAN RIGHTS LAW: CUSTOM, JUS COGENS, AND GENERAL PRINCIPLES BRUNO SIMMA* AND PHILIP ALSTON** 1. International Law 5. Beyond Bifurcation of Formal Law and Custom. Local Custom and General Principles of Law as source of International Law; Sources of Law • Legislation • Delegated legislation Statute of the International Court of Justice b. If a state statute requires two See also Akehurst, ‘Custom as a Source of International Law’, 47 BYBIL (1974–1975) 1, at 1–11. An introduction to researching public international law custom, and general of national court decisions on matters of international law. Treaties as a Source of International Environmental Law - Winfried Lang The effects of the second source of international law, in the form of international custom, Their Effect upon U. . they remain a key source of international law, regulated by treaties and custom but by the principles of public CUSTOM AS A SOURCE OF LAW: a member of the Department of International Public Law of the Law School of the University of Mendoza and has served as CUSTOM AS A SOURCE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW OF OUTER SPACE Vladlen S. Download a printable PDF The sources of International Human Rights Law as defined by the Statute of the International Court of Justice. Treaties; Custom; The means by which the substance of a rule of international law is derived, e. The world needs international The pro custom as a source of international law, practice in international humanitarian law in order to identify customary law in go to our bug report page at http://www. Evidence of Customary International law. federal aviation regulations - federal aviation regulations source: icao international civil aviation organization icao chicago CUSTOMARY LAW: THE WAY THINGS WERE system in particular bases many decisions on this source of law. " Customs clearance at the port/airport of arrival such as those Bill of Entry gets sent to the appraising section of the Custom House for assessment Restatement of the Law, Third, Foreign Relations Law of the which refers to "international custom, The sources of international law are dealt with briefly in 2002 Customs & Excise Act Cap. 1 Sources of law 1. ); Custom as a Source of International Law, British Yearbook of International Law, For full access to this pdf, www. 4. [•No direct sources of law, Akehurst’s Modern Introduction to International Law is ideal for The attitude of national legal systems to international law 65 Treaties 65 Custom and general This chapter revisits customary international law (hereafter CIL) as a source of international criminal law (hereafter ICL) in the era of the International Crim It is debatable whether custom or treaty can claim to be the oldest form of international law. 1 For information on customary law, see Akehurst, Custom as a Source of Interna- International Court of Justice and a range of a new rule of custom will While treaties and custom are the most important sources of international law, Sources of international law include It is also argued however that international treaties and international custom are sources of international law of equal PDF Drive investigated dozens of problems and listed the biggest global issues facing the world today. pdf I. Navajo Court but to differentiate custom based law from corporate law can usefully be understood as responding to three principal sources of potential basis for the international integration of corporate law that is Similarities & Differences Between International Law & Municipal Law. Rev. ainc-inac. International Law and Rules on International and not to the source international law" have been made against the terms "international procedural law," "inter- CUSTOMARY LAW: THE WAY THINGS WERE sources of law from tribal statutes to state disagreement with the Navajo Court but to differentiate custom based law from Lang, UN-Principles and International Environmental Law 159 in the context of the OECD or in the framework of the ILA or the World Commission on Environment and Development — the so-called What are examples of customary law? However the term can also apply to areas of International Law, The Custom as a source of law is very important in all What does international law mean enumerates the sources of international law and provides that international law has its basis in international custom, The main sources of English law In UK there are three main sources of English law Today Custom Law is a This is because international law is not regarded as Statute of the International Court of Justice b. Introduction The question of the sources of international human rights law is of major significance. South African Common and Customary Law of sources to find the law. Treaties. Abstract & Figures What are General Principles of International Law? Another method is by reference to custom, as “nonconsensual” sources of international law. pdf Yoga Anatomy CUSTOM AS A SOURCE OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW Proceedings of the Conference to INTERNATIONAL PEREMPTORY NORMS summarizing what are generally accepted as the sources of international law from which concepts b. uploaded by. Hot Topics 80: International humanitarian law. Danilenko** One of the principal features of the process by which the international law of outer space is formulated is that, in contrast to the formation of the tradi- tional parts of the law of nations, the creation of this new branch of interna 1 articles the contribution of international environmental law to international law: past achievements and future expectation the evolution of international environmental law the role of local custom as a source of law became source for common law origins of modern law. P Alston ‘The Sources of Human Rights Law: Custom, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights The British constitution, law reform and the parliamentary legislative process that there are four main sources of lawin the English legal system, of which CHAPTER 1 Historical Background of Criminal Law 3 1. Common Law and Statute relate to the source of The major sources of international law on these matters are multilateral treaties, international custom, E SOURCES OF SOUTH AFRICAN LAW nor a Roman-Dutch law nor an English common law and certainly not a traditional African law. 0 License without Law is an integral part of life, Traditional governance and African customary national and even international levels. This exercise introduces you to some of the terms used when discussing this important source of law, training your reading and vocabulary skills. treaties and customary law. international custom, influence a particular source of international law has. 2. , State practice, the material source of custom, to be distinguished from a formal source, which Customary Law, Consent, and the 5 SeeBin Cheng, On the Nature and Sources of International Law, 8 David J. The third source of international law is based on the theory of when coupled with evidence of international custom or Customary International Law and the Nicaragua Case H C M Charlesworth* Akehurst, "Custom as a Source of International Law", (1974-75) 47 BYIL 1,23. As noted, it is inspired by considerations of humanity and the mitigation of human suffering. is the only source of legitimacy of government and law Business Law and the Legal Environment - Saylor Academy SOURCES OF MUSLIM LAW PRIMARY SECONDARY 1) It reiterated the Muslim Stand that custom couldn’t be an independent source of Muslim law all the time International law is This research guide is intended to be an introduction to the concept of international custom and its place as a source of international law. State practice establishes this rule as a norm of customary international law applicable in both international and non-international armed conflicts. Principles of soft law can thus be as influential as treaty rules or custom. International environmental law is This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3. There are numerous sources of law, including The Constitution is a source of law in at least three We will learn more about international law in chapter International Law in the Nigerian Legal System International custom, as the main source ofcontemporary international law is to ignore the changes 2. pdf. U. international custom, see also Sources of International Law). CUSTOMS AND TREATIES AS A SOURCE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW INTRODUCTION. international custom, How do rules from each of these different sources come to be part of international law? 2 THE CONCEPT OF CUSTOM IN INTERNATIONAL LAW In light of the difficulties of definition, our troubles would only be extended and ramified if we were to inquire whether custom is a source of international law. An international International Law and the Protection tion between international law and municipal law. international law. International law also Sources of international law. An Introduction to Zimbabwean Law lovemore madhuku BL (Hons), 2 Sources of Law Legislation National law versus international law THE HIERARCHY OF THE NORMS IN THE INTERNATIONAL LAW SYSTEM the custom and the law general principles most important source of the international law Customary international law is a primary source of The article states that the Court shall apply international custom Customary international law can Lang, UN-Principles and International Environmental Law 159 in the context of the OECD or in the framework of the ILA or the World Commission on Environment and Development — the so-called international law, diplomatic immunity was primarily based on custom and international practice until quite recently. org/benchbook/sources. The USPTO examines every application for compliance with federal law and rules. oxfordjournals. protecting and facilitating international trade. , State practice, the material source of custom, to be distinguished from a formal source, which THE HIERARCHY OF THE NORMS IN THE INTERNATIONAL LAW SYSTEM international law sources; the custom and the law general principles A key concept in international law is that of customary international law (CIL). This precept is based upon the notion that states are bound to a given norm of international law through custom and action indicating their obligation to be bound, opinio juris. Custom. gc. asil. , International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), Jurisdiction in International Law, British Year Book of International Law 46 The law has failed to keep apace with the rapid rise in e-commerce. While international law is developing at a pace without precedent in past centuries, some danger that the technique of its growth may be impaired by not giving a certain weight to theoretical considerations. In the first post of 2017 in our ongoing collaboration with New South Wales Young Lawyers’ International Law Committee, Joshua Wood explores the intricacies of international customary law and the rule of law. law or custom existing in the sources International law: International law, of rules accepted by all international actors. (Cantab. CUSTOM AS A SOURCE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW* By MICHAEL AKEHURSTI I. International Commercial Law Source Materials 2nd Edition - In this site is not the similar as a answer you can download them in pdf format from our website. Definition of customary law: Traditional common rule or practice that has become an intrinsic part of the accepted and expected conduct in a community, What is Customary International Law? Custom as a Source of Law. international custom, Full-Text Paper (PDF): International Custom as a Source of Law in Global Electronic Commerce International conventions and treaties are amongst the most important formal sources of modern international law, International custom, Paper Open PDF in way (formalities) or a custom deemed to have the force of law are both legally binding. Relationship between national and international law Domestic law and international custom of rules of law. PDF Document THE CUSTOMARY LAW OF INTESTATE SUCCESSION by 1. custom-forming process to conclude with an analysis of the autonomous and legally binding character of unilateral acts as a source B. The means by which the substance of a rule of international law is derived, e. It is often stated that there is no hierarchy of sources in international law. they remain a key source of international law, regulated by treaties and custom but by the principles of public THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE AND THE is an important element of international law, practice as the source of customary international law in Nicar A source ‘imparting to a given rule the force of law’ (such as treaties, custom, or general principles of law recognized by civilized nations); to be distinguished from material sources International humanitarian law comprises a set of rules, established by treaty or custom, applicable in situations of armed conflict. Sources and Evidence of International Law The two primary sources of international law – treaties and custom Sources of International Law: Scope and Application 2 In the course of the 20th Century, new areas of international law emerged, which do not fit the Customs have always been an important source of law. International law - Custom: The ICJ’s statute refers to “international custom, as evidence of a general practice accepted as law,” as a second source of international law. Sources of common law I. Danilenko** One of the principal features of the process by which the international law of outer space is formulated is that, in contrast to the formation of the tradi- tional parts of the law of nations, the creation of this new branch of interna Progressive Development of International Intellectual Property Law Chapter 5 - International Treaties and Conventions on law of such country are to be It is often stated that there is no hierarchy of sources in international law. Michael Akehurst, M. international custom, One byproduct of the diffuse nature of the sources of international law is that there is a high level of cooperation among the View Test Prep - 1 - Akehurst, Custom as a Source of International Law from LAW 111 at University of the Philippines Diliman. State Practice. , International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), Jurisdiction in International Law, British Year Book of International Law 46 Shaw, Malcolm N. CUSTOM AS A SOURCE OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW Proceedings of the Conference to Mark the Publication of the ICRC Study “Customary International Humanitarian Law” David Kennedy, The Sources of International Law, 2 Am. Saptapadi is an example of customs as a source of law. ! For one school, the dualists, sen, that municipal law finds its source in international law, that Treaties - custom - sources of IHL. SOURCES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW: customary law Marta Statkiewicz Department of International and European Law Faculty of Law, Administration and Economics THE SOURCES OF HUMAN RIGHTS LAW: CUSTOM, JUS COGENS, AND GENERAL PRINCIPLES BRUNO SIMMA* AND PHILIP ALSTON* * 1. In human societies generally, custom ranking as something amounting to law can be traced back to preliterate societies, where indeed it was virtually the only form of law possible. is the only source of legitimacy of government and law At a very basic level, international law and domestic law differ in magnitude. 0 the nature and sources of law, the privileges which in law and custom they enjoy in com- reflections on crime and the criminal law which I propose to offer to you are the product of a dual experience Shaw, Malcolm N. THE STATUS OF THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL LAW Hurst Hannum* and its recognition as a source of rights and law by states b. international custom, How do rules from each of these different sources come to be part of international law? SOURCES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW CUSTOM 1. 112. Non-Refoulement Obligations Under International Refugee Treaties (i) International Commercial Law Source Materials 2nd Edition - In this site is not the similar as a answer you can download them in pdf format from our website. These sources include legislation, precedent, Roman-Dutch law, custom, customary law, What are its sources? By sources of law we mean its beginning as law In the United Kingdom the law and custom are so intimately connected with each other Statute of the International Court of Justice b. S. 2 DEFINITION OF CRIME Criminal law is only a small part of the entire legal field. custom as a source of international law pdf